Vermont's Air National Guard has roots as the fifth guard unit in the United States, federally recognized in August of 1947, a month after President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 which officially separated the U.S. Air Force from the Army. The pilots were part of the 134th Squadron Unit.
The Vermont guard underwent many changes in its infancy, including being part of the 101st Fighter Wing in Maine in 1949. It wasn't until the 1960s that the 134th was reorganized with the 158th Fighter Interceptor Group, now known as the 158th Fighter Wing.
Having no official air base as its own, field exercises were performed at Army Camp Johnson and air training at the local airport in South Burlington. The newly-formed Guard unit's missions included air defense, state security, and air-sea rescue over Lake Champlain.
Falling under the Air Combat Command, the Vermont Air National Guard's mission encompasses national defense, global deterrence, and air capability. The base's medical and civil engineering components also participate in humanitarian missions in countries around the globe.
The Wing has always had a strong reputation as dedicated Airmen but it furthered its distinction on September 11, 2001, when terrorists attacked the World Trade Center. That day changed the face of the United States, as well as the Vermont Air National Guard. Now, the Vermont Air Guard would have more frequent exercises and deployments.
VTANG F-16s in the air over New York skies within hours of the 9/11 attack. For several following months, our pilots worked beside sister units to protect New York and surrounding areas in combat area patrols. Vermont pilots flew for 122 consecutive days with no break. Back home, more than 500 Airmen worked at the base as a ready-to-deploy camp. Because of the dogged perseverance and dedication of its members, the base earned the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its response to the September 11 attacks.
In March of 2002, the unit began to drop from a "24/7" operation to the more traditional role. But the military, including the Vermont Air National Guard, would never be the same. As a unit it would be thrust into over-seas operations such as "Enduring Freedom" and "Joint Forge" through the following decade.
The VTANG has performed joint operations and contingencies with units from the Air and Army National Guard, Air Force, Army, and Marine within the Unites States and abroad, successfully completing each mission and furthering the reputation of the Green Mountain Boys.
In 2021, Vermont announced its third partner, Austria.