Vermont's Air National Guard has roots as the fifth guard unit in the United States, federally recognized in August of 1947, a month after President Harry S. Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947 which officially separated the U.S. Air Force from the Army. The pilots were part of the 134th Squadron Unit.
The Vermont guard underwent many changes in its infancy, including being part of the 101st Fighter Wing in Maine in 1949. It wasn't until the 1960s that the 134th was reorganized with the 158th Fighter Interceptor Group, now known as the 158th Fighter Wing.
Having no official air base as its own, field exercises were performed at Army Camp Johnson and air training at the local airport in South Burlington. The newly-formed Guard unit's missions included air defense, state security, and air-sea rescue over Lake Champlain.
Falling under the Air Combat Command, the Vermont Air National Guard's mission encompasses national defense, global deterrence, and air capability. The base's medical and civil engineering components also participate in humanitarian missions in countries around the globe.
The Wing has always had a strong reputation as dedicated Airmen but it furthered its distinction on September 11, 2001, when terrorists attacked the World Trade Center. That day changed the face of the United States, as well as the Vermont Air National Guard. Now, the Vermont Air Guard would have more frequent exercises and deployments.
9/11 Changed the Face of the Military
VTANG F-16s in the air over New York skies within hours of the 9/11 attack. For several following months, our pilots worked beside sister units to protect New York and surrounding areas in combat area patrols. Vermont pilots flew for 122 consecutive days with no break. Back home, more than 500 Airmen worked at the base as a ready-to-deploy camp. Because of the dogged perseverance and dedication of its members, the base earned the Air Force Outstanding Unit Award for its response to the September 11 attacks.
In March of 2002, the unit began to drop from a "24/7" operation to the more traditional role. But the military, including the Vermont Air National Guard, would never be the same. As a unit it would be thrust into over-seas operations such as "Enduring Freedom" and "Joint Forge" through the following decade.
The VTANG has performed joint operations and contingencies with units from the Air and Army National Guard, Air Force, Army, and Marine within the Unites States and abroad, successfully completing each mission and furthering the reputation of the Green Mountain Boys.
State Partnership Program (SPP)
The VTANG is an active participant in the State Partnership Program, an initiative from Europe Command which pairs National Guard bases with countries who were former Soviet, Yugoslav, and Warsaw Pact countries. This partnership promotes goodwill, global stabilization, and NATO accession.
Vermont has been in partnered with Macedonia, also known as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) since 1993.
In 2009, Vermont gained a second partner with Senegal, a country in Africa eager to stabilize itself surrounded by uncertainties. In 2012, members of the 158th Fighter Wing medical group provided health care to more than 1,800 Senegalese people as part of mission Western Accord 2012. For two weeks, they worked with other Guardsmen, Marines, and local physicians to create a temporary health center where they extracted 788 teeth and taught dental and personal hygiene. Toothbrushes, multi-vitamins, and medications were donated to the locals to help with disease prevention.
Emergencies in Vermont
Although the nature of the guard has altered to performing many federal missions, the National Guard is first and foremost a protector of its state. Both Air and Army fall under the jurisdiction of the governor, who may choose to activate either for emergencies, natural or otherwise.
VTANG Airmen have a joint group with the Vermont Army Guardsmen called the Quick Reaction Force (QRF) that has a mission to support first-responders during emergencies
In most recent memory is Tropical Storm Irene that ravaged Vermont in late August 2011. The VTANG formed a joint headquarters with the Vermont Army Guard at Camp Johnson to team with FEMA and see that Vermonters were safe with basic supplies. With the help of other units, our wing distributed essential life-sustaining supplies like food, bottled water, blankets, and tents to Vermonters who had been stranded in island-towns.